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Anatomy

Anatomy (from the Greek ἀνατέμνω anatemnō “I cut up, cut open” from ἀνά ana “on, upon”, and τέμνω temnō “I cut”) is the study of the body plan of animals. In some of its facets, anatomy is closely related to embryology, comparative anatomy and comparative embryology, through common roots in evolution. Human anatomy is important in medicine.

 

The discipline of anatomy is subdivided into gross (or macroscopic) anatomy and microscopic anatomy. Gross anatomy is the study of structures that can, when suitably presented or dissected, be seen by unaided vision with the naked eye. Microscopic anatomy is the study of structures on a microscopic scale, including histology (the study of tissues) and cytology (the study of cells).

 

The history of anatomy is characterized by a continual development in understanding of the functions of the organs and structures of the human body. Methods have also improved dramatically, advancing from examination of animals through dissection of cadavers (dead human bodies) to 20th century techniques including X-ray, ultrasound, and magnetic resonance imaging.

 

Human anatomy is a fascinating thing. Here we look at the main skeletal muscles in the body (sometimes also known as voluntary muscles), as well as how these muscles contract.

 

Taking a closer look at muscle anatomy, we explain the structure of an individual muscle, down to each and every fibre! They are such complex structures it makes for interesting reading!

 

We also look at the anatomy of different joints in the body, such as the knee and shoulder. Synovial joints such as these are very complex and contain many structures including ligaments, cartilage, bursa, fat pads and labrums!

 

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